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Chhath puja timing 2023 and Chhath geet| Chhat puja Significance and History

Chhathj Puja festival celebrated in the North State of Bihar and certain regions of Uttar pardesh ,Jharkhand ,MPand Nepal.Chhath puja is famous festival in month of “kartika” according to hindui calender .Chhath puja dedicated to the worship of the lord sun and his wife Ushha. This festival celebrated to thank god and seek the blessing of divine sun god and his wife Usha.In Hindi religion , it is believed that sun heal several health conditions and offer positivity, longevity, progress in life and well being. Chhat puja is four day festival and third day of chhath puja is main and fouth day this festival completed with sun raise.It is celebrated at the sixth of the month of Karthika in the Vikram Samvat. Chhath Puja is also celebrated in the summers after Holi but the Chhath which is celebrated in Kathika month has more importance and is ardently followed by people.

About Chhat Puja

Chhath puja is a very famous festival its also know as “Chhath Mahaparve” this festival all about offering prayer to sun with  purity.Origin of this festival is ambiguous but there are certain believes which connects to Hindu epics. Ramayana and Mahabharata are the two epics which are associated with Chhath Puja..

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Rituals Involved in Chhath Puja

Chhath is a four day festival which starts four days after the famous Indian festival Diwali, this year Chhath Puja 2023 is in November  month.lets talk about Chhath puja four day rituals 

Day 1- Nahay Khay: The first days of the Chhath Puja involved devotees taking dip preferably in the River Kosi, Ganga and Karnali and then after the holy dip devotees take home the holy water to prepare the offerings. It is one of the most important rituals of Chhath Puja on the first day.

Day 2- Lohanda or Kharna: The second day of Chhath Puja involved devotees fasting the whole day and the fast ends a little later after the sunset. The second important ritual of Chhath Puja involves devotees preparing offerings like kheer, bananas and rice for the family after worshiping the Sun and the Moon. After consuming the prasad one has to fast for 36 hours without water.

Day 3 –Sandhya Arghya (evening offerings): The third day of Chhath Puja is also observed with fast without water and the entire day involves preparing puja offerings. The offerings (prasad) later are kept in a bamboo tray. The offering includes thekua, coconut banana and other seasonal fruits. Third day’s evening rituals takes place at the banks of a river or a pond or any clean water body. All the devotees offer ‘araghya’ to the setting sun.

Day 4- Bihaniya Arghya: On the last day of Chhath Puja, devotees again assemble on the bank of the River or any water body and then offer prayers and prasad to the rising Sun. After the offerings are done then the devotees break their fast by eating ginger and sugar or anything which is available locally. After all these Chhath Puja rituals this amazing festival ends.

Dates of Chhath Puja 2019


Chhath Puja 2023 Festival Names


Date of Chhath Puja 2023

Chhath Puja Day 1 – Chaturthi


17 November, 2023

Chhath Puja Day 2 – Panchami


18 November, 2023

Chhath Puja Day 3 – Sasthi


19 November, 2023

Chhath Puja Day 4 – Saptami


20 November, 2023

Interesting & Unique Facts Associated with Chhath Puja

  • Chhath Puja is the only Vedic Festival which is celebrated in India
  • Chhath Puja is associated with Hindu epics involving Ramayana and Mahabharata with more than 1 character of Mahabharata associated.
  • Chhath Puja is the only Hindu festival where all the rituals of the festival have some scientific reasons and all of them altogether represent a rigorous scientific process for detoxification.
  • Chhath Puja are crafted in a way which involves optimum absorption of Calcium & Vitamin D into the body which is really beneficial for the women.
  • Chhath Puja also helps increasing the immunity of the body.
  • The four days of Chhath Puja offers great mental benefits to the devotees. Chhath Puja calms the mind of devotees and reduces the negative energy like hatred, fear and anger.
  • The custom of offering prayer to the Sun god was also prevalent in the Babylonian civilization and ancient Egyptian civilization.

Chhath Puja’s Association with Ramayana

 It is believed that Lord Rama is associated with the inception of Chhath Puja. It is said that when Lord Rama returned to Ayodhyana then he and his wife Sita observed a fast in honor of the Sun god and broke it only with the setting sun. It is one such ritual which is subsequently evolved in Chhath Puja.

Chhath Puja’s Association with Mahabharata

Famous Mahabharata character Karna is said to be the child of Sun god and Kunti. It is said that Karna usually use to offer prayer while standing in the water. However, there is another story which mentions how Draupadi and the Pandavas also performed the similar puja to get their kingdom back.

Chhath Geet

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